Introduction

Audio File  

 

 

 

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine

 

 

Mashhad School of Dentistry

 

 

Mashhad University of Medical Sciences

 

 

Introduction

The School of Dentistry in Mashhad was founded in 1966. Until 1985, the scientific and theoretical courses of oral and maxillofacial medicine were presented by the specialists of pathology, including Dr. Hossein Poor Jajarm (since 1983). Since 1985, the field of oral and maxillofacial medicine was renewed with the addition of Dr. Javadzadeh, who started presenting all the courses along with Dr. Hossein Poor Jajarm, as the first specialists of the field in Mashhad city. Afterwards, the number of specialists in the department increased by the recruitment of Dr. Zarei, Dr. Sanat Khani and Dr. Delavarian. Currently, the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine has three professors and five associate professors.

The Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine was conjoined with the pathology and radiology departments until 2003, which was ended by the independence of the pathology (2003) and radiology (2009) departments.

Since 1994, the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine has been active with three assistants, which have increased to seven assistants presently. In some years, assistants of the field accomplished premier rankings in specialty board exams.

One of the exclusive enterprises of the department was establishing the Clinic of Oral and Maxillofacial Pain, which was initiated as a research and treatment center in 2003 owing to the efforts of Dr. Javadzadeh. Since 2006, this clinic has been a major research and education center for dental and maxillofacial disorders with constant performance (even in the summer). It is noteworthy that this clinic benefits from the constant presence of neurology specialists, in addition to dental and maxillofacial specialists, who corroborate consultation.

Objective and Perspective

v  Recognition of the circumstances that require referral and consultation

v  Increasing public knowledge regarding the precancerous lesions of the oral cavity

v  Enhancing the attitudes of physicians and dentists toward the classification of oral cavity lesions and their significance

v  Promotion of health and quality of life in relation to oral health

v  Facilitating the referral of patients with oral disorders to eligible centers

v  Application and modification of novel, effective treatments for oral mucosa diseases using lasers, cryotherapy and devising new medicine formulations

v  Promotion and provision of the required facilities for the diagnosis of various lesions of the oral cavity

v  Transmitting experiences through planning and implementation of scientific   seminars, congresses and conferences with the other educational departments of specialized medicine and dentistry

v  Planning and implementation of regular seminars and congresses in order to exploit the experiences of dentists

Introduction

According to the American Academy of Oral Medicine, the field of oral and maxillofacial medicine is a sub-branch of the specialized dentistry courses, which is involved with the diagnosis and non-surgical treatment of oral mucosal epithelial lesions, necessary care of the oral and dental mucosa, and design and presentation of dental considerations in the case of patients with systemic diseases. In other words, diagnosis of oral mucosal lesions (e.g., ulcers, white and red lesions) and their non-surgical treatment is the main task of the oral and maxillofacial specialists. Some other tasks in this regard include the diagnosis and control of patients with systemic diseases, dentistry measures required for patients with cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular and infectious diseases, and diagnosis and control of oral manifestations caused by systemic diseases.

Oral and maxillofacial pain, such as neuralgia, atypical facial pains, tension headaches and pains of the temporomandibular joint are diagnosed by a specialist of oral diseases; some of these conditions could be treated or referred to a specialist if needed. Another area of expertise is the diagnosis of benign, malignant, environmental and central maxillofacial tumors based on the clinical symptoms of patients.

Sampling of oral mucosal lesions for its definite diagnosis and histopathological examination for therapeutic purposes, use of low-power lasers for therapeutic purposes, use of surgical lasers for the excision of oral mucosal lesions and cryotherapy for these lesions are among the other tasks performed by the specialists of oral disorders.

 

Objective and Perspective

ü  Increasing public knowledge regarding the precancerous lesions of the oral cavity

ü  Enhancing the attitudes of physicians and dentists toward the classification of oral cavity lesions and their significance

ü  Promotion of health and quality of life in relation to oral health

ü  Facilitating the referral of patients with oral disorders to eligible centers

ü  Application and modification of novel, effective treatments for oral mucosa diseases using lasers, cryotherapy and devising new medicine formulations

ü  Promotion and provision of the required facilities for the diagnosis of various lesions of the oral cavity

ü  Transmitting experiences through planning and implementation of scientific   seminars, congresses and conferences with the other educational departments of specialized medicine and dentistry

ü  Planning and implementation of regular seminars and congresses in order to exploit the experiences of dentists

 

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